Types of Hajj
It has been confirmed from the Prophet that Islam is built upon five pillars, and that Hajj is the 5th Pillar of Islam. There are three types of Hajj. A person may choose any one of them. All of these three types involve the performance of essentially the same rituals. But the difference is based on the “Niyyah”..
1. Tamattu: Umrah followed by Hajj separately which requires the sacrifice of a sheep. The Pilgrim assumes Ihram for Umrah during the Hajj months saying “Labbayk for Umrah with release until Hajj”. After completing the Tawaf and Sa’i of Umrah and cutting the hair, he/she is released from Ihram and all its restrictions. Then on the 8th of Dhul-Hijja he/she assumes again Ihram for Hajj from his /her place residence. He/she is required to offer a sacrifice of a sheep. The Prophet instructed his companions to perform “Tamattu”
2. Qiran: Umrah followed by Hajj which requires the sacrifice of a sheep: “Labbayk for Umrah and Hajj”. The Pilgrim intends one Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj saying “Labbayk for Umrah and Hajj”. You must stay in the state of ihram even after performing sa’ye until the “day of sacrifice” which is the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah.
For those who are unable to sacrifice a sheep, they have to fast three days during Hajj and seven days after returning home.
3. Ifrad: Hajj alone which does not require the sacrifice of a sheep: “Labbayk for Hajj”. The Pilgrim performs “Tawaf Al-Qudom and Sa’i for Hajj, remaining in Ihram until the Hajj rites are completed. He is not required to acrifice a sheep. He/she may perform Umrah after completion of Hajj.